For further information contact USADF's country coordinator.
Country Program Coordinator
USADF Mauritania Field Office
Avenue Gamal Abder Nassar Nouakchott, Mauritania
USADF began programming in Mauritania in 2008
USADF began programming in Mauritania in April 2008. Since this time, USADF has been providing grants to underserved and marginalized populations to create economic development opportunities through improvements in areas of production and organizational capacity building.
Focus: USADF supports agro-pastoral and artisanal grassroots groups at the cooperative and union levels to improve food security and livelihoods by investing directly in their organizational and management capacities of income generating activities. The focus covers a wide spectrum of interventions from the creation of access points to supply water and infrastructure for human consumption, agricultural production, and animal husbandry to training in literacy, basic accounting, and computer technologies to provide members with stronger tools for expanding their opportunities.
Marginalized: USADF grants are targeted to the most marginalized communities often found in remote rural areas including small scale farmers, women, persons with disabilities, repatriated populations, and former slave populations. USADF grants focus on strengthening groups’ capabilities to achieve their own objectives and results in household food security attainment, income generation improvement and improved livelihoods.
Food Security: Mauritania is an extreme food-deficit country where approximately 70 percent of food is imported. USADF grants target agro-forestry production and processing with the poorest of the poor to improve local nutrition. Project support is provided to small and large agro-pastoral organizations to ensure that local communities can earn higher incomes on their production and feed communities across Mauritania.
Conflict/Post Conflict: Mauritania has experienced numerous internal and external conflicts in recent years. The droughts of the late 1970s and early 1980s increased land use pressures as populations transitioned from nomadic to sedentary lifestyles. There are complex tribal and ethnic relationships that put a strain on communities, which tie into the efforts to work with former slave populations and repatriated citizens. In the far North, there are still land mines existing from conflicts over Western Sahara in the 1970s, as well as traffickers moving illegal contraband through the mountains. In the last several years, there have been safety and security issues for foreigners and local populations tied to AQIM. The border to the East is very porous, such that recent events in Mali have a profound effect. A Tuareg refugee camp in M’Bera in the East supports over 100,000 refugees making it the second largest city in Mauritania.